The Crucial Role of Pulmonologists in Respiratory Health

Breathing is a natural process that we take for granted. Until, of course, we’re unable to do so because of some underlying respiratory issue. In such cases, we might need to consider the help of a pulmonologist. But what exactly is a pulmonologist, and what role do they play in our respiratory health? This post aims to provide a comprehensive guide to understanding the role of what does a pulmonologist do.

A pulmonologist is a physician who specializes in treating respiratory conditions. They help diagnose and treat disorders of the lungs, bronchi, trachea, and other respiratory organs. Pulmonologists also work with patients who need help managing chronic respiratory diseases like asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), or pulmonary fibrosis.

One of the key responsibilities of a pulmonologist is to help diagnose respiratory disorders accurately. They begin with a physical examination followed by diagnostic tests, which might include imaging tests like X-rays or CT scans, lung function tests, or microbiological tests such as sputum or blood tests. These testing methods help determine the underlying cause of a respiratory disorder, which then assists the pulmonologist in determining the most effective treatment course.

Pulmonologists also help manage chronic respiratory diseases that may not be curable but can be controlled with proper care. They work with patients to manage symptoms, prevent flare-ups, and maintain overall respiratory health. For example, pulmonologists help asthma patients manage their condition by prescribing controller and reliever medications and creating an asthma action plan. Similarly, patients with COPD may require treatments that focus on breathing techniques, medication, and oxygen therapy.

Another crucial role of pulmonologists is managing emergency respiratory conditions. These can include severe asthma attacks, respiratory distress due to pneumonia or the flu, or acute exacerbations of lung diseases like COPD. During emergencies, pulmonologists work in collaboration with critical care teams to provide immediate assistance to help patients breathe easily. Pulmonologists may also work in intensive care units to monitor and stabilize patients experiencing acute respiratory failure or respiratory-related complications.

Children with respiratory problems such as sleep apnea or chronic bronchitis also often require the care of a pulmonologist. Pediatric pulmonologists specialize in diagnosing, treating, and managing respiratory problems in newborns, children, and teens. They can provide a range of treatments and therapies, including medications, breathing treatments, and support for advanced respiratory techniques.


In summary, a pulmonologist plays an essential role in diagnosing, managing, and treating respiratory disorders. They collaborate with patients and caregivers to develop treatment strategies that best meet the patient’s individual needs. Pulmonologists are a critical part of respiratory care teams in emergency settings, intensive care units, and other medical environments where respiratory health is of the utmost priority. If you experience issues with breathing, your primary care physician might recommend you see a pulmonologist, so they can provide you with specialized respiratory care.